Diabetes (type II) is a chronic disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is diminished. This results in elevated levels of blood glucose over a period of time which contributes to range symptoms and increases the risk of other chronic diseases like cardio-vascular disease, cancer and alzheimer’s. Type II diabetes typically occurs in patients over 40 years who are overweight or obese.

How do I know I have it, what are the early signs?

There are some clinical signs to watch out for symptoms-wise for diabetes and they include increased thirst or hunger, dry mouth, frequent urination and urinary infections, fatigue, blurred vision or headaches. You may also check if you have darkened skin around the nape of your neck, around your armpits or your groin area. But these are signs when its almost too late, you would have already been insulin resistant. As diabetes is very subtle in its progression, the best way to monitor change is to check your blood glucose with a glucometer 2 hours after eating a typical meal, if its not below 120 mg/dL then there could be signs of insulin resistance. Other tests you can consider are conducting an HBAC1 test which should be below 5.3% and a fasting insulin test which should be below 6mg/dL for optimal health.